Rupea, located at 500 meters altitude, in the vicinity of the Olt River. The fortress was built on a basalt rocky hill.

In Dacian times, on the top of a basalt rock there was a fortress that is said to be named Ramidava (or Rumidava, in the other sources). During the XIV century, the Saxons found the fortress destroyed and they built on its ruins, on several steps, a peasant fortress.

The fortress was built during the saxon rebellion against Hungary king Carol Robert of Anjou (1308-1342). Later, the local people added to the first construction three defense towers and two indoor yards, used as a refuge.

In the first yard there was a 40 meters broad and its water didn’t drop out ever and is still drinkable.